Waves in the Atmosphere and Oceans of Other
Yes, surface and internal waves exist on the surface and within the
atmosphere of other planes. They result in numerous mysterious phenomena
observed by the spacecrafts but not yet clearly explained.
Jupiter Waves and
This wave cloud
pattern formed over the Īle Amsterdam, in the lower left corner at the tip
of the triangular formation, in the far southern Indian Ocean.
Internal Waves in Rosario Strait North Puget Sound Washington
Powerful Waves vs Lighthouse
(Photo: Jean Guichard)
What are Internal Waves?
The density of water in an ocean or a sea is typically not constant. The
variation of density is due to, mainly, variations of temperature and
salinity. Solar radiation heats up the upper layer of the water, and the ﬂow
of rivers and the melting of ice lower the water density near the surface.
Over time these effects add up to form a stable density stratiﬁcation with
the lighter ﬂuid on top and the denser ﬂuid below it. Stratiﬁed waters,
besides regular surface waves, admit the so-called internal waves, which are
gravity waves that propagate within the body of the water.
Because internal wave propagate under the water surface we cannot see
them directly (just by measurement), but their motion leaves a very
distinguished trace on the surface that can be seen or tracked by satellite.
The oblique strips in the above photo are indicators of passage of oceanic
internal waves underneath the water surface.
South China Sea Internal Waves as seen by NASA's Shuttle- June 1983
Atmospheric Internal Waves
Atmosphere stratification has been known for a much longer time and
results in important and interesting phenomena in the atmosphere
Saturn's mysterious hexagon is a very stable structure near Saturn's north
pole and is the one of the most bizarre phenomenon seen in the solar